When Is Labour Day?Labour Day always falls on the first Monday in September. The holiday creates the last long weekend of summer.
What is Labour Day?Labour Day is one of Ontario's nine public holidays. This means many employees will receive the day off with holiday pay. It also means that many businesses and city offices will be closed.
Labour Day in Toronto is celebrated by different groups in different ways. For the labour movement, it is a day of political action. For students, parents and school staff, Labour Day is often the last day of holidays before it's time to go back to school. And just about everyone thinks of Labour Day as marking the end of the summer season (even though the autumnal equinox isn't for another few weeks).
Why Labour Day ExistsAs the name suggests, Labour Day in Toronto began as part of the labour rights movement. In March of 1872, local printers who wanted their workweek shortened to 58 hours went on strike to demand the change. Other workers supported the printers, and in April of the same year a large crowd marched on Queen's Park. Some of the union leaders were jailed, but eventually the government of Prime Minister John A. Macdonald passed the Trade Union Act, decriminalizing union activities. The first US Labor Day parade was then held in September of 1872, and the Toronto march became an annual event. Labour Day was made a national holiday in Canada in 1894.
- How Labour Day Began in Canada - About.com: Canada Online
- The First Labour Day - Canada's History Magazine Online
Toronto's Labour Day ParadeThe annual Labour Day Parade takes place on Monday morning, beginning near Queen and University. Marchers head south-west through the city (often along Queen then down Dufferin) and the parade ends inside the CNE. Participating unions and other groups are organized through the Toronto & York Region Labour Council.
- Related reading: What is the Minimum Wage in Toronto?
Things to Do on Labour Day in Toronto
Labour Day is always the last day of the Canadian National Exhibition. It is also during the three days of the Labour Day weekend that the Canadian International Air Show takes to the skies over Lake Ontario, which many people watch from inside the Exhibition Place fairgrounds.
In a more recent tradition, the Toronto Argonauts head to Ivor Wynne Stadium in Hamilton to take on the Hamilton Tiger-Cats for the CFL's Labour Day Classic (although the game wasn't held in 2011).
There isn't much in the way of public fireworks during the last long weekend of summer. The one exception is Canada's Wonderland in Vaughan, which usually offers a Labour Day fireworks show on the Sunday of the Labour Day weekend (check the "Live Entertainment" section of the website for details).
Most Toronto attractions stay open for Labour Day, including the Toronto Zoo, The Ontario Science Centre, the Royal Ontario Museum, the Gardiner Museum. the Bata Shoe Museum, Casa Loma, the Hockey Hall of Fame, the CN Tower, and Black Creek Pioneer Village.
The Art Gallery of Ontario is closed on Labour Day.